Analyzing routine circumcision risks is a complex issue. Some will describe it as a shocking brutality while others call the surgical procedure as a safe life-annuity. Because of this, despite there being few indications for doing it and ill defined benefits and significant complications the operation is frequently performed. Circumcision has been discussed in detail in quite a few medical papers presented by eminent surgeons and researchers. The net outcome still remains the same that there are neither intrinsic benefits nor any harm apart from minor surgical in getting circumcised. It is also true that circumcision benefits are usually highlighted and complications underplayed due to one reason or the other. This is evident from the fact that many studies focus more on benefits rather than minuses of circumcision. It is also a fact that despite a high rate of complications arising from surgery, most are minor problems and easily addresses. The rate of serious problems is abysmally low. No wonder then that circumcision is a matter of individual preference.
Before you get your son circumcised it is advisable to do a risk analysis that is to balance the pluses and minuses. Studies related to benefits of circumcision provide conflicting results. Some of them have shown clear cut benefits while others refute the claims. Most pediatric associations concur that routine circumcision is not a medical necessity. When we mention routine circumcision it excludes removal of the penile foreskin necessitated due to an underlying problem. The better way to arrive at a decision is to consult your doctor if you want your infant son circumcised. Sometimes teenagers have a condition known as phimosis or abnormal tightness of the foreskin preventing retraction over the glans. Circumcision in such cases may be recommended by the doctor.
Poor personal hygiene is mostly responsible for most health risks associated with an intact penis. Smegma, the white secretion from the sebaceous glands, tends to accumulate underneath the foreskin. If this is not cleaned properly (daily) the penis may start smelling. This could also lead to bacterial or fungal infection.
Circumcision is a surgical procedure. Any risk assessment that you do should include complications arising from surgery as well as anesthetizing. Surgical complications include bleeding, infection, redness at the site of surgery and excessive removal of foreskin. There are also instances where there was partial amputation of glans penis.
Acquired phimosis is also seen in severe. Overall implications of a poorly carried out circumcision can be catastrophic. Immediate complications can be classified as a surgical mishap. Besides surgical there are also anesthetic complications. The case against an uncircumcised penis seems to be very weak indeed
As mentioned earlier, circumcision is a matter of personal preference. Most of the times, it is a parental decision and the child getting circumcised has no role to play. Parents should also weigh the long term risks involved against the benefits of circumcision.